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21stCentury Drummer Magazine, Vol.2

Sources for Articles


Top 5 Happiness Hacks, Backed by Science


1. Knutson, B., Adams, C. M et al. (2001). Anticipation of increasing monetary reward selectively recruits nucleus accumbens. Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 21, p. 1-5


2. Gibson, G.E., Blass, J.P. (1999). Nutrition and Functional Neurochemistry. In: Siegel GJ, Agranoff BW, Albers RW, et al., editors. Basic Neurochemistry: Molecular, Cellular and Medical Aspects. 6th edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven.

3. Merry, C. (2019). Does eating cacao have health benefits? 21 research papers examined. Retrieved from

4. McGuire, S.O., Sortwell, C.E. et al. (2006). Dietary supplementation with blueberry extract survival of transplanted dopamine neurons. Nutr. Neurosci. Oct-Dec; (5-6):251-8


5. Joseph, J. A., Denisova, N.A., Arendash, G, et al. (2003). Blueberry supplementation enhances signaling and prevents behavioral deficits in an Alzheimer disease model. Nutr Neurosci. (3):153-62.


6. Jeyaprakash, J., Farrukh, A. et al. (2014). Chemopreventative and therapeutic activity of dietary blueberry against estrogen-mediated breast cancer.J. Agric. Food Chem., 62 (18), pp 3963–3971


7. Niendam, T.A., Laird, A.R., Ray, K.L. et al. (2012).  Meta-analytic evidence for superordinate cognitive control network sub serving diverse executive functions. Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci (2012) 12: 241


8. Greicius, M. D., Krasnow, B., Reiss, A. L., & Menon, V. (2002). Functional connectivity in the resting brain: a network analysis of the default mode hypothesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 100(1), 253-8.


9. Garrison, K. A., Zeffirro, T. A. at al. (2015). Meditation leads to reduced default mode network activity beyond an active task. Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral neuroscience, 15 (3), 712-20.


10. Liang, Shi., Jiangzhou, Sun, et al. (2018). Brain networks of happiness: dynamic functional connectivity among the default, cognitive and salience networks relate to subjective well-being, Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, Volume 13, Issue 8, Pages 851–862, 


11. Steimke, R., Nomi, J. S., Calhoun, V. D., et al. (2017). Salience network dynamics underlying successful resistance of temptation. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience, 12(12), 1928-1939.


12. Cheron G. (2016). How to Measure the Psychological "Flow"? A Neuroscience Perspective. Frontiers in psychology, 7, 1823. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01823



The Science Behind Rhythmic Mantras


1. Dusek, J. A., & Benson, H. (2009). Mind-body medicine: a model of the comparative clinical impact of the acutestress and relaxation responses. Minnesota medicine, 92(5), 47-50.


2. Greicius, M.G., Supekar, K.,  Menon, V., Dougherty, F.R., ( 2009). Resting-state functional connectivity reflects structural connectivity in the default mode network, Cerebral Cortex, Volume 19, Issue 1, Pages 72–78,


3.Greicius, M. D., Krasnow, B., Reiss, A. L., & Menon, V. (2002). Functional connectivity in the resting brain: a network analysis of the default mode hypothesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 100(1), 253-8.


4.  Benson, H., Beary, J.F.,  & Carol, M.P. (1974) The relaxationresponse, psychiatry, 37:1, 37-46, DOI: 10.1080/00332747.1974.11023785


5. Kiran & Arora, Anterpreet & Kaur, Deepinder & Thaman, Richa. (2011). Impact of meditation on autonomicnervous system-A research study. Journal of Life Sciences. 1. 2277-2103144.


6. Crane, R., Brewer, J., Feldman, C., Kabat-Zinn, J., Santorelli, S., Williams, J., & Kuyken, W. (2017). What defines mindfulness-based programs? The warp and the weft. Psychological Medicine, 47(6), 990-999. doi:10.1017/S0033291716003317


7. Gregg D. Jacobs (2001). Clinical application of the relaxation response and mind-body interventions. J Altern Complement Med. 2001;7 Suppl 1:S93-101. Review.




9. Moumdjian L, Buhmann J, Willems I, Feys P, Leman M. (2018). Entrainment and synchronization to auditory stimuli during walking in healthy and neurological populations: A Methodological Systematic Review. Front Hum Neurosci.12:263. Published 2018 Jun 26. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2018.00263


10. Craig, AD, (2002). How do you feel? Interoception: The sense of the psychological condition of the body.Nat Rev Neurosci. 2002 Aug;3(8):655-66. Review.


11.  Sarah Mae Sincero (Aug 1, 2013). Top-Down VS Bottom-Up Processing. Retrieved Mar02, 2019 from


The Ergonomics of Injury


1. Author(s) unknown. Ergonomics MSD Risk Factors –Awkward Postures. Available from Date retrieved: April 11, 2019. 


2. Author(s) unknown. Ergonomics MSD Risk Factors – Repetition. Available from Date retrieved: April 11, 2019. 


3. Azar NR. Prevalence and patterns of playing-related musculoskeletal problems in drummers.  Proceedings of the 37th Annual Performing Arts Medicine Association International Symposium; 2019 Jun 28 – Jul 1 (in press).


4. De La Rue SE, Draper SB, Potter CR, Smith MS. Energy expenditure in rock/pop drumming. Int J Sports Med. 2013 Sep 30;34(10):868–72. DOI: 10.1055/s-0033-1337905


5. Marras WS. Biomechanical basis for ergonomics. In: Marras WS, Karwowski W, editors. Fundamentals and assessment tools for occupational ergonomics. 2nded. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group; 2006. 43 pages.


6. Romero B, Coburn JW, Brown LE, Galpin AJ. Metabolic demands of heavy metal drumming. IJKSS. 2016;4(3). DOI: 10.7575/aiac.ijkss.v.4n.3p.32

7. Torma-Krajewski J, Steiner LJ, Burgess-Limerick R. Ergonomics processes: Implementation guide and tools for the mining industry. DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2009–107. Published in February 2009. Available from Date retrieved: April 11, 2019. 


8. Zaza C, Charles C, Muszynski A. The meaning of playing-related musculoskeletal disorders to classical musicians. Soc Sci Med. 1998;47(12):2013-23.

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